Research in development economics

political economy, violence, favela, slums

Research

Publications

 Drug Battles and School Achievement: Evidence from Rio de Janeiro’s favelas (with Rudi Rocha), 2015. [link] [resumo em português] (accepted for publication at the Review of Economics and Statistics)

Media coverage: O Globo, CBN, Bom Dia Brasil.

Public Expenditure in Education and School Achievement  (in Portuguese). Revista Brasileira de Economia, volume 69, número 4, 2015. [link]
Media coverage: O Globo.

Coming out of the shadows? Estimating the impact of bureaucracy simplification and tax cut on formality in Brazilian microenterprises (with Juliano Assunção), Journal of Development Economics, Volume 99, Issue 1, September 2012, pages 105–115. [link]

Media coverage: Folha de São Paulo

Is mineral wealth a passport to the future? Evidence from oil royalties payments to Brazilian municipalities (in portuguese). In: Castelar, A. And Veloso, F.  (editors), Rio de Janeiro: Um Estado em Transição, 2012. Rio de Janeiro: FGV Editora. [link]

Soybeans in the Savannahs of Brazil (with Angela Rocha and Beatriz Kury). In: Sabel, C; Fernández-Arias, E.; Hausmann, R.; Rodríguez-Clare, A. and Stein, E. (editors), Export Pioneers in Latin America, 2012. Washington, D.C.: Inter-American Development Bank. [link]

The Rise and Fall of Furniture Exports in São Bento do Sul- Brazil (with Angela Rocha, Beatriz Kury and Alexandre Darzé). In: Sabel, C; Fernández-Arias, E.; Hausmann, R.; Rodríguez-Clare, A. and Stein, E. (editors), Export Pioneers in Latin America, 2012. Washington, D.C.: Inter-American Development Bank.

The diffusion of exporting in Brazilian industrial clusters (with Angela Rocha and Beatriz Kury). Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, Volume 21, Nos. 5–6, September–November 2009, 529–552. [link]

Labor Contract Determination in Brazilian Microenterprises (with Juliano Assunção) (in Portuguese), Pesquisa e Planejamento Econômico, Volume 39, n 1, 2009. [link]

Research papers

Learning to Select. Resource Windfalls and Political Accountability (with Claudio Ferraz), 2014. [manuscript under request]

Abstract: We use exogenous variation from oil-based revenues paid to local governments in Brazil to test whether voters reward incumbent mayors for increasing government spending and whether this reward varies over time as voters learn about the source of revenues and public service delivery. We find that an unexpected increase in oil-based revenues increase reelection rates for incumbents in the short-run. However, when we look over diff erent elections allowing voters to learn about the revenue windfall and public goods' provision, we find di fferent results. The reelection rates of incumbents, in elections that occur 10 years after the beginning of the oil boom, is lower when municipalities had an early oil windfall, when a large share of voters are informed (i.e.high media penetration and educated), and when public services and local development have not improved over the past decade.

State Presence and Urban Violence: evidence from Rio de Janeiro´s Favelas (with Claudio Ferraz and Bruno Ottoni)

This paper examines the effects of a large intervention aimed at retaking control of favelas dominated by drug gangs in the city of Rio de Janeiro. We use the differential timing in the implementation of this policy to asses how it affects crime and violence records both inside and outside favelas. We find that the strategy to occupy and establish permanent police units in favelas causes a significant reduction in violence not only in these territories but also in their surroundings. 

Media Networks and Political Accountability: Evidence from Radio Networks in Brazil (with Horacio Lareguy), 2014. [link]

We examine how different types of media structure contribute to political accountability, analyzing the role of local radio stations, regional radio networks and television stations in compensating for the bias of Brazil's federal government against non-aligned municipality mayors when allocating drought relief aid. Theoretical and empirical evidence shows that radio networks play a central role in reducing federal government bias due to their ability to exchange information among affiliated radio stations operating in different municipalities. Radio networks, however, are only effective when they contain non-aligned municipalities that received federal aid; only information from such municipalities reveals the federal government's bias. 
 

Other Papers

Misallocation and Manufacturing TFP in Brazil (with Claudio Ferraz), 2009.

The Emergence of New and Successful Export Activities in Brazil: Four Case Studies from the Manufacturing and the Agricultural Sector (with Angela Rocha, Alexandre Darzé and Beatriz Kury Pereira). IDB Research Network Working Paper #R-550. [link]

The role of flagship firms, external actors, and support institutions in the emergence of successful export activities in Brazil (with Angela Rocha and Beatriz Kury Pereira). IDB Research Network Working Paper #R-557. [link]

Assessing the Impact of the Micro and Small Enterprise Trade-Led Growth Project of USAID/Brazil (with Bonnie Brusky), 2008. [link]